What Are The Basics Of Organic Farming?

Natural cultivating is certainly not another idea in India; it has been polished since old times. It is a farming system that uses organic wastes (crop, animal and farm wastes, aquatic wastes) and other biological materials, along with beneficial microbes (biofertilizers), to release nutrients to crops for expanded manageable creation in an eco-accommodating, contamination-free climate.

The US Division of Horticulture (USDA) concentrates on the group on natural cultivating, “natural cultivating is a framework that maintains a strategic distance from or to a great extent bar the utilization of engineered inputs (like composts, pesticides, chemicals, feed-added substances, and so on) and depends on crop turns, crop deposits, animal excrements, off-ranch natural waste, mineral grade rock added substances, and organic arrangement of supplement assembly and plant security furthest degree achievable.”

“Natural horticulture is a special creation of the executive’s framework that advances and improves agro-environment wellbeing, including biodiversity, organic cycles, and soil natural action, and this is achieved by utilizing on-ranch agronomic, natural, and mechanical techniques without all engineered off-ranch inputs,” as per FAO.

Organic farming is required

With the growth in population, we would be compelled not only to stabilize agricultural production but also to increase it in a sustainable manner. Scientists have recognized that the ‘Green Revolution,’ with its high input utilization, has reached a plateau and is currently being sustained with a shrinking return of falling rewards. Thus, a natural equilibrium must be maintained at all costs in order for life and property to exist. The obvious alternative would be more relevant in the current period, when these agrochemicals are produced from fossil fuels, are not renewable, and are becoming scarce. It might possibly altogether affect our unfamiliar trade from now on.

How Organic Farming Promote Sustainable Development?

Organic farming’s distinguishing features include

  • Long-term soil fertility is protected through preserving organic matter levels, stimulating soil biological activity, and using caution in mechanical intervention.


  • Circuitous harvest nourishment is given by utilizing somewhat insoluble supplement sources that are made accessible to the plant by soil microorganisms. 


  • Nitrogen self-sufficiency via legumes and biological nitrogen fixation, as well as efficient recycling of organic wastes such as agricultural residues and livestock manures


  • Crop pivots, normal hunters, assortment, natural manuring, safe assortments, and restricted (preferably insignificant) warm, organic, and substance mediation are utilized to control weeds, sicknesses, and nuisances.


  • Comprehensive livestock management that takes into account evolutionary adaptations, behavioral needs, and animal welfare issues in diet, housing, health, breeding, and rearing.

The Benefits of Organic Farming

  • Economical: No expensive fertilizers, pesticides, or HYV seeds are necessary for crop planting in organic farming. Thus, there is no extra expense.


  • Good return on investment: A farmer might make a good return on investment by using cheaper and local inputs.


  • High demand: Organic products are in high demand in India and around the world, generating additional revenue through export.


  • Organic items are more nutritive, flavorful, and healthy when compared to chemical and fertilizer-based products.


  • Environmentally friendly: Organic farming is devoid of pesticides and fertilizers, thus it has no negative impact on the environment.

Which Organic Farming Profitable In India

Organic Farming’s Drawbacks

  • Incompetence: The main challenge with organic farming is a lack of proper infrastructure and product promotion.


  • Less production: Organic farming produces fewer items in the early years as compared to chemical farming. As a result, farmers are finding it difficult to accept large-scale production.


  • Shorter shelf life: Organic products are more prone to faults and have a shorter shelf life than chemical items.


  • Off-season crops are limited in production and have fewer possibilities in organic farming.


  • Reduced production.


  • Price increase.


  • The absence of awareness.


  • Organic items typically command a higher price due to increased demand.


  • Reduced shelf life.


  • Because there are no artificial preservatives in organic products, they have a shorter shelf life.

What are Organic Seeds and its Advantages?

The Advantages of Organic Farming

  • Environment-friendly.
  • Encourages long-term development.
  • Food that’s both healthy and delicious.
  • The process is inexpensive.
  • It makes use of organic materials.
  • Income is generated.
  • Income is generated through exports.
  • Source of income.
  • Organic farming requires extra labor. Subsequently, it makes more positions.

Organic farming is required

  • The overuse of chemical fertilizers diminishes soil fertility.
  • Excessive chemical use has resulted in land, water, and air contamination.
  • To preserve the ecology.
  • To foster long-term development.
  • Farming on a budget.
  • Increased demand for organic products as a result of food safety.

What Are The Basics Of Organic Farming?