Can Organic Farming Feed Countries Like India

With agricultural productivity down and production costs rising, the importance of organic agriculture in food security is a disputed issue. According to theory, organic farming is the best method for achieving environmentally and economically sustainable agricultural output. A technological innovation that can demonstrate large-scale, economically sustainable Organic production without wasting time, on the other hand, is still a long way off.

Farmers believe that conventional farming provides higher quantity (yield) in comparison to the quality of the commodity with more expenditure. However, they may not always obtain a better price. They earn a decent price for the commodity by using organic methods, which raise not only the quantity but also the quality and nutritious content of the product.

Agriculture contributes significantly to the Indian economy, accounting for more than 17% of the total GDP and employing more than 60% of the workforce. Agriculture in India has expanded rapidly in recent decades. Food grain output increased to 51 million tonnes, the highest amount since independence. Among India’s top three agricultural commodities are paddy, wheat, pulses, peanuts, rapeseeds, fruits and vegetables, sugarcane, tea, jute, cotton, and tobacco leaves. Because of its rapid growth, Indian agriculture has made a global impact.

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Agriculture and food habits 

Abstract

Growing public knowledge of agricultural health and environmental issues has resulted in Crop yields being higher in today’s agricultural climate, but commodity quality is declining daily, despite increased chemical inputs. The vicious circle of chemical farming is finally being revealed in the media.

Growing crop insufficiency, rising input requirements, deteriorating soil quality, and pest and disease infestation Pesticide and fertilizer overuse have resulted in the entry of dangerous compounds into the food chain, the loss of natural enemies, and environmental deterioration. Pesticide use has escalated, with severe effects on human health and the environment. As a result, long-term agricultural sustainability requires enhancing and maintaining system productivity and resource quality. Many of these concerns can be addressed through organic farming, which helps to sustain soil productivity and successfully control pests by improving natural processes and cycles in an environmentally responsible manner.

Food awareness in the modern era

Organic farming is now clear to the agricultural community as the best option for not only protecting/sustaining soil-plant-ecological relationships but also mitigating the negative effects of climate change, with rising awareness about food safety and quality, long-term system sustainability, and evidence of being equally productive.

The rest of the globe is interested in Indian food. As a result of China’s corrupt and unreasonable acts Organic farming has emerged as a viable alternative to conventional farming, not only because it addresses quality and environmental problems, but also because it provides a debt-free and profitable source of income.

Can Organic Farming Replace Modern Agriculture?

The significance of organic farming

  • Growing public awareness of agricultural health and environmental issues has necessitated the production of organic food, which is proving to be a successful rural income source.
  • Organic agriculture has proven to be dependable over the previous ten years.
  • Organic agriculture has the potential to become a low-cost, long-term farming option in the country, particularly for small farmers in rainfed areas, and it has the ability to assist them to improve their food and financial security.
  • It contributes to the production and distribution of sufficient, safe, and nutritious food to the nation’s producers and consumers.
  • Organic farming is significant because it promotes and increases agroecosystem health, including biodiversity, biological cycles, and soil biological activity.
  • They can raise agricultural productivity, restore decades of environmental damage, and connect small farm families to more sustainable distribution networks, resulting in increased food security.
  • Organic farming is one method for increasing food security or self-sufficiency.
  • It improves the physical properties of the soil, such as granulation, tilth, aeration, and root penetration, while also boosting water retention and minimizing erosion.
  • It improves soil chemical properties like nutrient availability and retention, nutrient loss into water bodies and the environment, and favorable chemical reactions.

What Are The Basics Of Organic Farming?

Conclusion

  • To promote widespread acceptance, secure livelihoods, and ensure consumer affordability, organic farming must be both ecologically and economically sustainable.
  • India has a long history of organic farming, and the expanding domestic market for organic food has the potential to promote the organic movement.
  • A consumer and farmer education effort is required to accomplish the large-scale organic conversion.