What Are The Advantages of Organic Farming To The Economy?

Organic food is a rapidly growing consumer demand. Organic food, often regarded to be the province of the wealthy or eco-eccentrics, is becoming more mainstream, with many people from all walks of life choosing to purchase organic food. Organic farming does not utilize synthetic fertilizers or pesticides, instead relying on more traditional techniques of fertilization and pest management such as crop rotation, barrier nets, and natural insect control. Despite rising demand for organic food, only 0.7% of farms in the United States are certified organic (2012 census). It indicates that the United States (and the United Kingdom) rely on food imports for organic food.

Organic Farming

Artificial pesticides and fertilizers can have negative effects on the local ecosystem. Concerns have been raised concerning a drop in the bee population as a result of the increased use of hazardous pesticides. Bees are critical to the health of the planet’s environment. Organic farming benefits bees and insects by not using pesticides and delivering more pollen from non-monoculture land. The neurotoxins currently in use can persist in the environment for 1,000 days and are extremely harmful to insect populations.

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Resource utilization that is efficient

Recycling resources is an organic farming principle. Organic farming seeks to enhance soil through crop rotation, the use of animal dung, compost, and natural byproducts rather than importing artificial fertilizers from elsewhere.

Soil and the environment are considered public goods

There is fear that traditional farming methods are gradually deteriorating soil quality. The soil is never rotated or given the opportunity to re-integrate organic matter. As a result, farmers’ reliance on fertilizers and increasingly heavy mechanical rotation to provide nutrients grow. A lack of organic matter makes the soil more susceptible to drought. Traditional farming disregards the long-term impact on soil quality, causing challenges for future generations. Organic farming is a long-term soil management method. It is believed that one-third of the world’s soil is currently deteriorating.

Food that is healthier

Micronutrient levels are higher in organic food grown in richer, more organic soils. Furthermore, there is a link between some chemicals and an increased risk of cancer in people. Long-term exposure to chemicals, such as ‘Roundup weedkiller,’ has been linked to an increased risk of cancer. Organic vegetables lessen the long-term risk of frequent chemical exposure. (WHO – glyphosate is probably carcinogenic to humans)

Animals that are healthier

Animals in conventional husbandry are frequently kept in close quarters and are routinely given antibiotics. Antibiotic overuse is contributing to growing resistance. Antibiotics are only permitted in organic farming if the animals are unwell.

Profits could be made

At the moment, demand for organic food is outpacing supply. Countries such as the United Kingdom and the United States must import organic food from other countries. (often in undeveloped economies) Some organic approaches are more expensive (labor-intensive weeding), whereas others save money (cost of chemicals)

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Is it the best route forward for individuals and the country?

Organic farming provides economic benefits to people other than farmers. Increased demand and production help the whole value chain, from input providers to retailers. As a result, the future of organic farming in India is to expand the agricultural areas, enhance farmer-to-consumer linkages, and establish an enabling governmental environment.

While the government has made certain steps to encourage organic farming in the country, the private sector has also stepped up to the plate. Some businesses have established their own organic farms, while others have provided financial aid to farmers transitioning to organic methods. India has the potential to become a global leader in organic agriculture if the correct policies are put in place.

Conclusion

People are increasingly concerned about their health and what they consume as a result of the global pandemic. People are curious about where their food comes from and how it is grown. Chemical and pesticide residues in modern agriculture can be blamed for declining immunity, and dangerous diseases such as cancer, food allergies, hormone imbalances, PCOS, and much more, all of which can be avoided by eating organic food. Organic food is frequently thought to be healthier because it is free of hazardous chemicals and pesticides. The growing consumption of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and plant-based proteins has raised the demand for and sale of organic products.